Stockholm, 15 September 2004
Assalamu'alaikum wr wbr.
RASJID PRAWIRANEGARA ITU HAWAI YANG MERDEKA SEJAK
1826 DAN DIDUDUKI AMERIKA SEJAK 1893
Stockholm - SWEDIA.
RASJID PRAWIRANEGARA SILAHKAN BACA KEMBALI SEJARAH KERAJAAN HAWAI SEJAK 1826 - 1893
"Pak Ahmad, apakah Bapak dapat membuktikan bahwa Hawai pulau di daerah Pasific itu, bukan milik Amerika ? karena kedudukan Hawai itu sama kedudukannya dengan Negeri Aceh ? Amerika bertempur dengan Jepang di Hawai untuk mempertahankan keutuhan negara USA ? sebagaimana juga NKRI Negara yang berdaulat dari Sabang sampai dengan Marauke" (Rasjid Prawiranegara , firstname.lastname@example.org , Tue, 14 Sep 2004 09:00:56 +0700)
Terimakasih saudara Rasjid Prawiranegara di Jakarta, Indonesia
Pada tahun 1843 Kerajaan Inggris dan Perancis mendeklarkan pengakuan kemerdekaan Hawai. Tetapi 50 tahun kemudian, pada tahun 1893 Amerika menduduki Hawai pada 17 Januari 1893 dan memasukkan menjadi negara bagian Amerika pada tanggal 17 Juli 1898.
Dibawah ini Ahmad Sudirman lampirkan dokumen tentang Kerajaan Hawai dari sejak tahun 1826 dan pada tanggal 16 Januari 1994 telah diproklamasikan kembali kemerdekaan Negara Hawai yang berdaulat.
Jadi, memang benar bahwa Negeri Hawai sedang diduduki dan dijajah oleh Amerika sejak 17 Juli 1898.
Bagi yang ada minat untuk menanggapi silahkan tujukan atau cc kan kepada email@example.com agar supaya sampai kepada saya dan bagi yang ada waktu untuk membaca tulisan-tulisan saya yang telah lalu yang menyinggung tentang Khilafah Islam dan Undang Undang Madinah silahkan lihat di kumpulan artikel di HP http://www.dataphone.se/~ahmad
Hanya kepada Allah kita memohon pertolongan dan hanya kepada Allah kita memohon petunjuk, amin *.*
"The cause of Hawaii and independence is larger and dearer than the life of any
man connected with it. Love of country is deep-seated in the breast of every Hawaiian,
whatever his station."
- Lili`uokalani, Hawaii's last Queen
"This is a historical issue, based on a relationship between an independent
government and the United States of America, and what has happened since and the steps
that we need to take to make things right."
- Republican Governor Linda Lingle, January 2003
"The recovery of Hawaiian self-determination is not only an issue for Hawaii, but
for America. ... let all of us, Hawaiian and non-Hawaiian, work toward a common goal. Let
us resolve ... to advance a plan for Hawaiian sovereignty."
- Democratic Governor Ben Cayetano
1998 State of the State Address
LEGAL FOUNDATION FOR
Law Library, Historical Documents, and Research Material
The "Apology Resolution" Excerpts or Full text
U.S. Public Law 103-150 (S.J. Res. 19), Nov. 23, 1993
US Senate Congressional Record, October 27, 1993
US House Congressional Record, November 15, 1993
Legal Testimony of Prof. Francis Boyle, Dec. 28, 1993
Excerpts or Full text
"Interpretation of U.S. Public Law 103-150 under International Law, and its Implications for the Restoration of the Independent and Sovereign Nation State of Hawai'i"
Proclamation of Restoration, Jan. 16, 1994
Excerpts or Full Text
A Literary Analysis Thesis
The Role of International Relations in the Development of the Independent and Sovereign
Nation of Hawai'i, by Patrick Gary Sickels, Saturday, March 5, 1994
Hawaii Constitution, Jan. 16, 1995
Hawaiian Kingdom Writ of Mandamus filed with the U.S. Supreme Court, November 24, 1997
KINGDOM OF HAWAII DOCUMENTS
Constitutions of the Kingdom of Hawai`i
1840 - Kamehameha III
1852 - Kamehameha III
1864 - Kamehameha V
1887 - Kalakaua ("Bayonet Constitution")
1893 - Liliuokalani (unratified draft)
Declaration of the United Kingdom and France recognizing the independence of Hawaii, 1843
Treaties, Conventions & Other International Agreements of the Kingdom of Hawaii, 1826-1893
To Steal a Kingdom - Book by Michael Dougherty, 1992
OVERTHROW DOCUMENTS (1893)
President Cleveland's Message to Congress, December 18, 1893
Letter from W. Q. Gresham of the US Department of State to President Cleveland, October 18, 1893
Act of War - 1993 video on the illegal overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom
ANNEXATION DOCUMENTS (1898)
MEMORIAL - To the President, Congress and People of the USA (Opposing Annexation), Oct. 8, 1897
Official Protest to the Treaty of Annexation Presented by Lili`uokalani in Washington D.C., June 17, 1897
Resolution of the Senate of Hawaii Ratifying the Treaty of Annexation, June 16, 1897
Joint Resolution Annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the United States, July 17, 1898
We Are Who We Were, 1998 video on "The Annexation that Never Was"
Annexation Hawaii : Fighting American Imperialism, 1998 book by Thomas J. Osborne
Annexation Centennial Commemoration Slideshows, August 12, 1998
TERRITORIAL DOCUMENTS (1900-1959)
The Organic Act (An Act to Provide a Government for the Territory of Hawaii), April 30, 1900
Hawaiian Homes Commission Act, July 9, 1921
Article 73 of the United Nations Charter, 1946
HAWAII STATEHOOD DOCUMENTS (1959)
Is Hawaii Really a State of the Union?
Statehood - A Second Glance
The Statehood Admissions Act (An Act to Provide for the Admission of the State of Hawaii into the Union), March 18, 1959
Hawaii State Constitution - Article XII - Hawaiian Affairs
Hawaii State Constitution - Bill of Rights, 1968
Hawaii State Constitution in full
INTERNATIONAL LAW DOCUMENTS
Definition of Sovereignty (Black's Law)
Article 73 of the United Nations Charter, 1946
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Dec. 10, 1948
Factors which should be taken into account in deciding whether a Territory is or is not a Territory whose people have not yet attained a full measure of self-government, UN Resolution, 742 (VIII), November 27, 1953
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, UN Resolution 1514 (XV), 14 December 1960
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, UN General Assembly Resolution 260 (III) A, 9 December 1948
International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the International Crime of Apartheid, UN General Assembly resolution 3068 (XXVIII), 30 November 1973
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, UN General Assemby Resolution 2200A (XXI), 23 March 1976
OTHER U.S. LAW DOCUMENTS
Internet Law Library: Treaties and International Law
Internet Law Library - Hawaii
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, US Public Law 101-601, 16 November 1990
PROCLAMATION OF RESTORATION OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE SOVEREIGN NATION STATE OF HAWAI`I
January 16, 1994
Honolulu, O`ahu, Hawai`i
[Official English Version]
Today, We, the Kanaka Maoli, proclaim our Right of self-determination as a People in accordance with Article 1 (2) of the United Nations Charter, and join the World Community of States as an Independent and Sovereign Nation. We hereby reestablish our Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i, that was illegally taken from the Kanaka Maoli on January 17, 1893.
By virtue of our Right to self-determination, the Kanaka Maoli claim this Right to freely determine our political status and freely pursue our economic, social and cultural development in accordance with common Article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil, and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, claim our Right for our own ends, to freely control and dispose of our natural wealth and resources, including our lands and our waters, without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic cooperation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit and international law.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, claim all our Land, Natural Wealth, Resources, Minerals, and Waters, which have always resided and will always reside within the hands of the Kanaka Maoli, to be ours forever, originally under communal land tenure.
Ka Pae `Aina O Hawai`i (the Hawaiian Archipelago) comprises 132 islands, reefs and shoals, stretching 1,523 miles (2,451 kilometers) southeast to northwest across the Tropic of Cancer between 154 40' to 178 25' W longitude and 18 54' to 28 15' N latitude, consisting approximately of a total land area of 6,425 square miles (16,642 square kilometers), including 1 percent of less than six square miles of land area made up of islands off the shores of the main islands and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, from Kure Atoll in the North to Nihoa in the South, also Palmyra Island, Midway and Wake Islands, and all Lands that have resided with the Kanaka Maoli since time immemorial. The Hawaiian Islands form an Archipelago, which extends over a vast area of the Pacific Ocean, possessing a 12 mile Territorial Sea, and the 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zone, in accordance with generally recognized Standards of International Law.
In the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i lives the Kanaka Maoli. We have resided here forever, from time immemorial. We have displaced no other people. We, the Kanaka Maoli, are the original inhabitants and occupants of these Islands. We have always been in possession of our Land and are entitled to re-establish our Independent and Sovereign Nation.
The current citizens of the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i consist of all those who are descendants of the Kanaka Maoli prior to the arrival of the first westerners in 1778, and those persons, and their descendants who have lived in Hawai`i prior to the illegal overthrow, invasion and occupation of January 17, 1893, in the area which now constitutes the Archipelago of the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i.
The Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i will establish procedures for according citizenship by means of naturalization to all people who are habitual residents of Hawai`i as of today's date.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, fully support and subscribe to all of the Rights of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights for all of the people living in our Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i, and hereby adopt these protocols on behalf of the citizens of the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i.
The Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i adheres to the generally recognized principles of International Law, including the terms of the United Nations Charter. We will apply for membership in the United Nations Organization. We will conclude other international treaties and agreements at the appropriate time. In the meantime, we call upon the foreign military occupation forces in the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i to withdraw from our Sovereign Territory immediately.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have maintained our close relationship to the `aina (land) and its natural surroundings, through practices spiritual and wholistic in nature and in harmony with natural law. The `aina is sacred to us. It sustains us.
Prior to the first European invasion of 1778, Hawai`i was known to have an unique culture and system of government. Through customs and traditional practices, the Kupuna (Elders), were highly regarded and respected as the Keepers of Wisdom and Knowledge, in a highly organized self-sufficient and sustainable social system, based on a communal land tenure system. The Kupuna were always consulted to maintain order and ho`oponopono.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, today embody within our governmental structure traditional customs and culture of the `Aha Kuka O Na Kupuna (Council of Elders), based on mutual respect, traditional practice, and family order. Their consultation on many decisions is highly regarded as the basis of all authority and principle, as handed down through generations of teachings. The Kanaka Maoli's natural ability and practice of Natural Law, commonly known and exercised, due to our deep spiritual connection to nature, and by the use, application and practice of the Laws of Nature, then as now. We, the Kanaka Maoli, believe that all things have life, be they animate or inanimate, as everything has been derived and created from one Source, the Creator.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, respectfully continue to seek the guidance and consultation of our Kupuna, be it Spiritually, Mentally, Physically, Socially or Politically, in consultation and decisions that affect our lives, to restore and protect the customs and teachings of our culture, language and knowledge from being exploited, desecrated and driven to eventual extinction. For all these reasons, the Kupuna Council will serve as the Provisional Government of the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i, to provide measures of development, until such time when the Kanaka Maoli will convene a Constitutional Convention.
Despite the historical injustices and abuse that have documented a dark chapter in the lives of the Kanaka Maoli, so unimaginable to the conscience of humanity and to all human life as a whole, we have come to realize that in the course of these modern times, we could never depart or separate our undying love, our connection, or our sacred ties from the Spirit of this Land, Aloha `Aina, which is the heart and life of all living things, as taught and handed down from the ancient wise ones (Kupuna). We must protect our sacred `aina from such invasion and exploitation, to liberate it from alien destructive forces, and preserve and protect our Cultural Heritage for future generations, from the devastation of extinction.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have continued to exercise, practice and occupy our lands,
despite the continued subjection, domination and exploitation by the forces of the
occupying foreign powers, denying us our inalienable rights to self-determination,
Independence and Sovereignty. Thus have well recognized principles of International Law
been violated. Thus were our national identity, land, resources, Right to Sovereignty over
our Territory violated, and a peaceful people overthrown by the invasion of foreign
powers, who continue to occupy, exploit and destroy our way of life.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have united at this very historic and symbolic place, the `Iolani Palace, wherein we remember the last days and tragic moments in our history, that have affected the safety and well-being of our people, to which our beloved Kupuna and Queen Liliuokalani and her commitment to restore the rights of our people, have been stolen. Her dedicated endurance against foreign powers who committed such acts of aggression and force, threats of fear and imprisonment, knowingly in violation of numerous treaties, agreements and principles of international customs and law, has never faltered, for the Love of her people, and those who stood on truth and justice, and shall prevail here, now and forever.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, here today in flesh and in Spirit, share that same commitment. It is the duty and obligation of every Kanaka Maoli, young and old, to stand ready to restore and defend our national rights, territorial integrity and independence, without prejudice, and reject and resist unlawful acts, injustice and complicity, violence and terrorism, against our political independence, and do summarily reject such use of violence and force against the territorial integrity of other peaceful states.
If not for those who have continued the struggle for peace, justice and honor, our
beloved who have passed in this life and continue standing in spirit beside us here today.
If not for those who have sacrificed their families and lives, who have desired to go to prison rather than be forced to adhere to unjust principles and acts, and who have gone through the crossroads of temptation.
If not for those of us who have awaited this day, who have considered the facts and
evidence of such acts of oppression, subjugation and fear, and the loss of their honor,
dignity, pride and esteem.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have historically been the victims of crimes against humanity and genocide, as defined by the Nuremberg Charter and Genocide Convention.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have the duty to heal our wounds and restore our integrity, for many have given their lives for us to be here today, that all Kanaka Maoli can once again determine to protect the future destiny of our children, our children's children and their heritage.
The Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i proclaims its commitment to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter. The Kanaka Maoli have long been recognized as a peaceful, loving Nation, choosing to live in peaceful co-existence with other peaceful Nation States, based on liberty, equality, truth and justice, and for the respect of our undying Spirit of Aloha as well as for the Inalienable Rights of Humanity.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, proclaim that despite continued interference of our rights to self-determination, Rights of Sovereignty and Right of Independence by the foreign occupying powers, we stand this day, in all honor, dignity and respect for this Sacred Land, to restore our Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, pledge that our commitment will continue, until the illegal occupation ends, the revival of the culture of our Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i has been fortified, the Aloha Spirit is once again fully restored, and the Spirit of Justice, Freedom and Liberation shall once again bring Peace on Earth for all Humanity.
We call upon our Kanaka Maoli people, and upon all Nations of the World, to unite and act this day, to declare and proclaim our Inalienable Sovereignty of the Nation State of Hawai`i, fully restored and functional, and to arise in the uniting of freedom and dignity in our homeland, which is the homeland of the Kanaka Maoli, now and forever.
Therefore, the Kupuna, in General Council Assembled, by the Authority recognized and vested in the Aha Kuka O Ka Ohana, in the name of the Kanaka Maoli people, to preserve and to forevermore cultivate the Heritage and Culture of the Kanaka Maoli, do solemnly publish, declare and proclaim that the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i, is free and absolved from any other political connection with any other Nation State. Those who disregard the Principles and Rule of the Law of Nations, Justice, Integrity, Morality of Character, and Humanity, by force and acts of aggression, now illegally occupy our Territory.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have therefore concluded that the facts are self-evident, that to
continue under any colonial regime would cause the destruction and extinction of our
Culture and People. We affirm our commitment to the protection of our Divine Heritage. We,
the Kanaka Maoli, mutually agree and pledge Our Lives, Our Fortunes and Our Sacred Honor,
in the Spirit of Aloha.
Done this sixteenth day of January, nineteen
Date: Tue, 14 Sep 2004 09:00:56 +0700
From: "Rasjid Prawiranegara" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: "Ahmad Sudirman" <email@example.com>
Subject: RE: KOLONEL INF GEERHAN LANTARA DI ACHEH HANYA TAKLID BUTA PADA SOEKARNO
Assalamu'alaikum wr wbr.
Pak Ahmad, apakah Bapak dapat membuktikan bahwa Hawai pulau di daerah Pasific itu, bukan milik Amerika ? karena kedudukan Hawai itu sama kedudukannya dengan Negeri Aceh ?
Amerika bertempur dengan Jepang di Hawai untuk mempertahankan keutuhan negara USA ? sebagaimana juga NKRI Negara yang berdaulat dari Sabang sampai dengan Marauke