Stockholm, 10 April 2005
Assalamu'alaikum wr wbr.
SOFYAN DAWOD & KINGSBURY MENOLAK KERANGKA
OTONOMI KHUSUS UNTUK PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK ACHEH
Stockholm - SWEDIA.
SOFYAN DAWOD & DAMIEN KINGSBURY MENOLAK KERANGKA OTONOMI KHUSUS UNTUK PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK ACHEH
"GAM dikejutkan dan ditakuti oleh pernyataan Crisis Management Initiative (CMI) dalam situsnya mengenai tujuan perundingan yang akan datang. Dengan pernyataan ini, CMI telah mengkhianati kepercayaan rakyat Acheh dan GAM yang diberikan kepadanya sebagai juru penengah yang netral. GAM tidak setuju konflik akan atau harus dipecahkan dalam kerangka otonomi khusus, sebagaimana yang dinyatakan oleh pihak CMI" (GAM is shocked and dismayed by the recent CMI statement on its website about the supposed aims of the ongoing negotiations. By these statements, CMI betrays the trust the people of Acheh and GAM have given it to act as a neutral mediator. GAM has never agreed that the conflict will or should be resolved within the framework of special autonomy, as CMI states." (Central Military Command, Sofyan Dawod, Military Spokesman, 9 April 2005)
"Saya tidak pernah menyarankan bahwa penyelesaian konflik Acheh bisa dipecahkan dalam kerangka otonomi khusus. Proposal otonomi khusus adalah tidak selaras dan kerangka otonomi khusus hanya untuk menekan rakyat di Acheh. Kemungkinan bisa untuk menyelesaikan konflik di Acheh dengan melalui bentuk peraturan alternatif. (I have not at any stage suggested that a solution to the conflict in Acheh can be found within the framework of "Special Autonomy". The "Special Autonomy" proposal is inadequate and provides a framework only for continued repression in Acheh. It may be possible to reach a negotiated political settlement in Acheh under an alternative political arrangement". (Damien Kingsbury , email@example.com ,Sun, 10 Apr 2005 21:19:30 +1000)
Juru bicara TNA, Sofyan Dawod memang cukup gusar dengan pernyataan yang ditampilkan oleh pihak Crisis Management Initiative (CMI) dalam situsnya http://www.cmi.fi tentang rencana perundingan babak ketiga yang akan berlangsung dari tanggal 12-17 April 2005 yang akan datang. Dimana dalam pernyataan yang dimuat dalam situs CMI itu disebutkan bahwa "Tujuan dari proses perundingan untuk mencapai penyelesaian damai konflik dalam kerangka otonomi khusus (The aim of the negotiation process is to arrive at a peaceful settlement of the conflict inside the framework of special autonomy)"
Ternyata pernyataan yang dilambungkan CMI itu diprotes langsung oleh pihak Juru bicara ASNLF, Bakhtiar Abdullah, 9 April 2005 yang menyatakan: "Pimpinan Gerakan Acheh Merdeka (GAM) menyatakan rasa ketidakpuasan yang dalam dimana pihak CMI dalam pernyataannya telah mengabaikan kemajuan yang penting yang dicapai dalam perundingan sebelumnya dan tidak membantu prundingan yang akan datang kondusif. Misalnya tentang kalimat yang menyatakan bahwa GAM telah menerima status otonomi khusus" (The Free Acheh Movement (GAM) leader expresses his deep disappointment that the concerned CMI's statement disregards the substantial progress achieved in the previous meetings and has not assisted in making the coming round conducive. He is particularly concerned of the phrases that imply that GAM has accepted Special Autonomy status.)"
Setelah adanya protes dari pihak ASNLF, maka pernyataan terbaru yang dilambungkan CMI tidak lagi mencantumkan kalimat "Tujuan dari proses perundingan untuk mencapai penyelesaian damai konflik dalam kerangka otonomi khusus (The aim of the negotiation process is to arrive at a peaceful settlement of the conflict inside the framework of special autonomy)" ( http://www.cmi.fi/?content=aceh_project )
Kemudian yang membuat pihak juru bicara TNA Sofyan Dawod naik temperaturnya terhadap pernyataan CMI itu adalah tentang masalah "pengurangan pasukan non-organik TNI dan masalah kompensasi keuangan bagi pasukan TNA". Dimana Sofyan Dawod menyatakan: "kami mau terus berunding, selama pihak RI tidak memaksakan untuk menelan otonomi palsu dan terus pendudukan TNI (We want to continue these negotiations, but will not do so if they are merely a means of forcing us to swallow an unpalatable meal of fake autonomy and continued military occupation.)". "GAM tidak setuju dengan hanya pengurangan pasukan TNI, dan tidak juga meminta kompensasi keuangan bagi pasukan TNA. Itu proposal adalah datangnya dari pihak RI, tidak menjadi dasar dalam perundingan ini.(Neither has GAM agreed to any of the specifics CMI lists, such as a mere reduction of Indonesian armed forces. Nor have we asked for economic compensation of our fighters. These are Indonesian proposals, not the basis of these talks.)"
Memang menurut fakta yang sampai ke Ahmad Sudirman, melalui Media Indonesia, Senin, 28 Maret 2005, Damien Kingsbury datang ke Jakarta, Indonesia pada Selasa, 22 Maret 2005, atas rekomendasi dari pejabat Indonesia, dan menginap di Hotel Hilton, Jakarta, dan bertemu dengan Wakil Presiden Jusuf Kalla dan didampingi oleh Menteri Hukum dan HAM Hamid Awaluddin di Hotel Hilton. Dalam pertemuan tertutup antara Kingsbury dengan Jusuf Kalla dibicarakan menurut sumber Media Indonesia, tiga hal yaitu gencatan senjata, konsesi perkebunan (tanpa disebutkan lokasi dan luasnya), serta uang senilai Rp800 miliar.
Kelihatannya apa yang dijadikan rincian agenda pertemuan ASNLF dengan RI pada 12 April sampai 17 April 2005 yang menyangkut "(rencana kompensasi keuangan bagi TNA dan pengurangan jumlah pasukan TNI di Acheh (the establishment of a feasible plan for economic compensation of GAM fighters, the reduction of the level of Indonesian armed forces in Aceh), telah dibicarakan oleh Damien Kingsbury dan Jusuf Kalla di Jakarta.
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ACHEH SUMATRA NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT
ACHEH NATIONAL ARMED FORCES (TNA)
CENTRAL MILITARY COMMAND
09 April 2005
GAM is shocked and dismayed by the recent CMI statement on its website about the supposed aims of the ongoing negotiations. By these statements, CMI betrays the trust the people of Acheh and GAM have given it to act as a neutral mediator. GAM has never agreed that the conflict will or should be resolved within the framework of special autonomy, as CMI states.
We Achehnese have fought for 132 years to gain our freedom from the Dutch and Indonesia and we are determined to get as close to that goal as we possibly can. Special autonomy leaves us too far away, gasping for breath and with a sense of impending doom.
Neither has GAM agreed to any of the specifics CMI lists, such as a mere reduction of Indonesian armed forces. Nor have we asked for economic compensation of our fighters. These are Indonesian proposals, not the basis of these talks.
A just settlement to this conflict will not be found in a hurry. Other conflicts further tell us that lasting settlements are built step by step, not imposed all at once - unless there is a defeated party. But GAM and the Achehnese have not been defeated either on the field of battle or in our hearts. Indonesia knows that all too well.
We Achehnese are a tough people when we need to be. Two years of all-out war have left us dented, but not daunted. We have suffered terribly under successive Indonesian regimes, including the latest. And the tsunami has just dealt us a cruel, cruel blow. But our latest suffering gives us even greater cause - not less - to demand our proper rights.. We want the world's sympathy but not at the cost of our dreams. We do want peace. But we need justice.
We want to continue these negotiations, but will not do so if they are merely a means of forcing us to swallow an unpalatable meal of fake autonomy and continued military occupation.
Thus far, we have been patient. Our leaders have not made demands in these talks. But after this affront, the Achehnese sorely need some indication of real good will. We now ask publicly that our negotiators held in the jails of Java be released to continue the duties they performed previously. We further ask that Mohammed Nazar, the leader of the non-violent referendum movement, be released with them; he will join our team as a civilian representative in future talks.
Please believe us when we say we Achehnese are determined to keep fighting if we must.
Central Military Command
Aceh talks: third round (8.4.2005)
The Government of Indonesia and the representatives of the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) are to convene in the third round of talks facilitated by President Martti Ahtisaari and the Crisis Management Initiative (CMI) on April 12 in Kningstedt Mansion in Vantaa outside Helsinki. Both delegations arrive in Finland on Monday morning.
The facilitator of the Aceh talks in Finland, President Martti Ahtisaari, will host a press conference on Sunday, April 17 at 15.00 hrs at the department of communication and culture of the Foreign Ministry, Kanavakatu 3 C, Helsinki.
Further inquiries can be directed from April 11 onwards to Maria-Elena Cowell, CMI
Media Liaison Officer, email@example.com or gsm +358 40 848 1769.
Aceh Peace Process Negotiations
CMI and its Chairman, President Ahtisaari, have been asked to facilitate talks between the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement to search for common ground to end the decades long conflict in Indonesia's Aceh province.
The Crisis Management Initiative and its Chairman President Ahtisaari, were asked to facilitate talks between the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM). A first round of talks, the first face-to-face meeting between the parties since May 2003, took place on 27-29 January 2005 in Helsinki. A second meeting took place on 21-23 February and a third round is scheduled for 12-17 April.
The aim of the negotiations is to establish a process leading to a peaceful settlement of the Aceh conflict. Specifically, the comprehensive settlement of the conflict will involve the review of the Special Autonomy Law; the agreement and provision of amnesty to GAM fighters; the establishment of a feasible plan for economic compensation of GAM fighters, the agreement for integration of the GAM fighters into Acehnese society; the establishment of an effective framework that will allow the implementation of security arrangements such as a ceasefire, the decommissioning of GAM arms and the reduction of the level of Indonesian armed forces in Aceh; the instigation of all parties to engage in an inclusive dialogue within the Acehnese society; and the provision of outside monitoring of the commitments taken by the parties.
Indonesia's Aceh-province has seen various conflict episodes since the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia. The secessionist Free Aceh Movement (GAM) surfaced in 1976, but was repressed by the Indonesian armed forces (TNI) in a few years. GAM relaunched an insurrection in 1989. The previous negotiation process to end the conflict, facilitated by the Swiss NGO Henry Dunant Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HDC), led to a ceasefire in 2000 and to the signing of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement in December 2002. The process broke down in May 2003, and the CMI-led talks in January 2005 were the first since that.
21-23 February 2005 Crisis Management Initiative facilitated the second round of talks
27-29 January 2005 Crisis Management Initiative facilitated the first informal talks between the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement in the aftermath of the 26 December 2004 tsunami disaster.
THE STATE OF ACHEH
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION
P.O. BOX 130, S-145 01 NOSBORG SWEDEN
TEL : +46 8 531 83833 FAX: +46 8 531 91275
Protest against wording and content of CMI's statement on the coming Round 3 GAM-GoI peace talks in Helsinki.
The Crisis Management Initiatives (CMI) has published in its website an announcement of the coming Round 3 peace talks between ASNLF/GAM and the Indonesian Government which is scheduled to take place in Helsinki from 12 to 17 April 2005.
Prime Minister in exile Malik Mahmud has written a letter of protest to President Marrti Ahtisaari, Chairman of CMI, regarding the misleading wording and content of the announcement.
The Prime Minister reminds the CMI that the words "insurrection" and "secessionist" used in the announcement are offensive to the Achehnese, as they imply the legitimacy of the status quo which, prima facie, GAM does not accept.
The Free Acheh Movement (GAM) leader expresses his deep disappointment that the concerned CMI's statement disregards the substantial progress achieved in the previous meetings and has not assisted in making the coming round conducive. He is particularly concerned of the phrases that imply that GAM has accepted Special Autonomy status.
The statement further incorrectly states that Round 3 is an "informal meeting", which CMI chairman Mr Maarti Ahtisaari has previously noted as being "formal". GAM believes the coming Round of talks would be wasting everyone's time if they had no binding quality. By definition, an informal discussion has no capacity to resolve the conflicting question.
Prime Minister Malik Mahmud therefore has requested that the CMI immediately withdraws this statement from its website and offers a clarification of the terms and status of the talks.
Stockholm, 9 April 2005
Date: Sun, 10 Apr 2005 21:19:30 +1000
From: Damien Kingsbury firstname.lastname@example.org
Following an incorrect report by the Reuters news agency, adviser to the Free Acheh Movement in the Helsinki peace talks, Dr Damien Kingsbury, categorically states that he has not nor will he advise GAM to accept Indonesia's proposed offer of "Special Autonomy" for Acheh.
Speaking in Stockholm, Dr Kingsbury said that while he supported the idea of a negotiated political settlement for the conflict in Acheh, he did not regard the Special Autonomy proposal as acceptable.
"I have not at any stage suggested that a solution to the conflict in Acheh can be found within the framework of "Special Autonomy", Dr Kingsbury said. The "Special Autonomy" proposal is inadequate and provides a framework only for continued repression in Acheh".
Dr Kingsbury said: "It may be possible to reach a negotiated political settlement in Acheh under an alternative political arrangement".
"However, he said, "that arrangement must ensure that the people of Acheh enjoy effective and sustainable self-determination, to be allowed to live in peace and dignity, and to ensure their future security without the oppressive presence of the TNI or the Indonesian police (Polri)".
Dr Kingsbury also confirmed that his comments on the Acheh peace process were in his capacity as an academic analyst of the Acheh situation, and that he did not speak in any official capacity on behalf of GAM.
Dr Damien Kingsbury
Stockholm, 11 April 2005